Building More “Missing Middle Housing” Typologies
Author, Missing Middle Housing
‘Missing Middle Housing’ refers to a range of house-scale buildings with multiple units—duplexes, fourplexes, cottage courts, and multiplexes—that fit seamlessly into existing residential neighborhoods and support walkability, locally-serving retail, and public transportation options. The housing types are “missing” because they have typically been illegal to build since the mid-1940s and “Middle” because they sit in the middle of a spectrum between detached single-family homes and mid-rise to high-rise apartment buildings, in terms of form and scale, as well as number of units and often, affordability. As author of Missing Middle Housing and founder of Opticos Design, Dan Parolek works with cities across the country to help build more of these ‘Missing Middle Housing’ typologies by assessing communities’ housing needs and presenting a range of successful zoning, building code, and policy reforms to address the housing shortage.